A Case Series of Deep Transcranial Magnetic Stimulation Treatment For Patients With Obsessive-Compulsive Disorder in The Tokyo Metropolitan Area

SOURCE: Journal of Clinical Medicine. 11(20) (no pagination), 2022. Article Number: 6133.


AUTHORS: Ikawa H.; Osawa R.; Sato A.; Mizuno H.; Noda Y.

ABSTRACT: Obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD) is a chronic illness in which patients do not achieve remission sufficiently with conventional medication. Deep repetitive transcranial magnetic stimulation (dTMS) for OCD neuromodulates the bilateral anterior cingulate cortex (ACC) and dorsal medial prefrontal cortex (mPFC), which are known to be impaired in OCD. While dTMS treatment for OCD has shown effective results overseas, TMS treatment for OCD has rarely been implemented in Japan, and its effectiveness is unknown. We conducted an FDA-approved dTMS protocol to 26 patients with OCD. In addition, individual exposure stimulation that elicited each patient’s obsessive thoughts was also combined during dTMS treatment. Before and after 30 sessions of TMS treatment, the Yale-Brown Obsessive Compulsive Scale (Y-BOCS) was used to assess changes in the severity of each patient’s obsessive-compulsive disorder. Response to dTMS treatment in patients with OCD was determined by whether the total score on the Y-BOCS after a course of treatment was reduced by 30% or more compared with the score at baseline. The percentage of responders in this case series following the 30 sessions of dTMS treatment was 53.9%. In addition, total Y-BOCS scores and scores on each item were significantly improved. The percent changes in total Y-BOCS scores did not differ between the sexes or between on- and off-medication patients. No obvious adverse events were observed in this case series. In line with the results of TMS studies for OCD patients reported overseas, dTMS treatment for Japanese patients with OCD may have a favorable therapeutic effect.