Cost-Effectiveness Analysis of Deep Transcranial Magnetic Stimulation Relative to Evidence-Based Strategies for Treatment-Refractory Obsessive-Compulsive Disorder

SOURCE: Journal of Psychiatric Research. 146:50-54, 2022 02.

AUTHORS: Gregory ST; Goodman WK; Kay B; Riemann B; Storch EA

OBJECTIVE: This study examined the cost-effectiveness of deep transcranial magnetic stimulation (dTMS) for treatment refractory obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD) relative to other established treatment options, including antidepressant medication (ADM), ADM + antipsychotic augmentation, real-world cognitive-behavioral therapy (ADM + CBT Effectiveness), clinical trial CBT (ADM + CBT), intensive outpatient program (IOP), partial hospitalization program (PHP), and PHP to IOP stepdown.

METHODS: A decision analytic model was developed to evaluate the cost-effectiveness of dTMS relative to other established treatment alternatives for adults (18-64 years old) with refractory OCD. Building on Gregory et al. (2018), the model was parameterized with probabilistic and deterministic parameters from the literature and an outcomes database to perform a Monte Carlo simulation of a hypothetical cohort of 100,000 adults with OCD to estimate costs, and incremental cost-effectiveness ratio (ICER) for dTMS relative to each treatment strategy. Encounters took place from 2012 to 2015. Data for dTMS were taken from a recent multisite study.

RESULTS: Although dTMS fit between ADM and ADM + CBT in overall costs, ADM + CBT had the lowest ICER and thus would be chosen before dTMS. dTMS was determined to be more cost effective relative to PHP/IOP stepdown, PHP, and IOP.

CONCLUSION: dTMS is cost-effective, along the treatment continuum from outpatient medication management and CBT to more intensive, facilities-based approaches, and may be an incremental strategy to employ when higher intensity strategies are either not available, not financially feasible, or whilst on extended waits for admission to these higher levels of care.