Efficacy and Safety of High-Frequency Repetitive Transcranial Magnetic Stimulation for Poststroke Depression: A Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis
Archives of Physical Medicine & Rehabilitation. 100(10):1964-1975, 2019 10.
Liu C; Wang M; Liang X; Xue J; Zhang G. Institution
To summarize and systematically review the efficacy and safety of high-frequency repetitive transcranial magnetic stimulation (HF-rTMS) for depression in patients with stroke.
Six databases (Wanfang, the China National Knowledge Infrastructure, PubMed, Embase, Cochrane Library, and Web of Science) were searched from inception until November 15, 2018.
Seventeen randomized controlled trials were included for meta-analysis.
Two independent reviewers selected potentially relevant studies based on the inclusion criteria, extracted data, and evaluated the methodological quality of the eligible trials using the Physiotherapy Evidence Database.
We calculated the combined effect size (standardized mean difference [SMD] and odds ratio [OR]) for the corresponding effects models. Physiotherapy Evidence Database scores ranged from 7 to 8 points (mean=7.35). The study results indicated that HF-rTMS had significantly positive effects on depression in patients with stroke. The effect sizes of the SMD ranged from small to large (SMD, -1.01; 95% confidence interval [CI], -1.36 to -0.66; P<.001; I2, 85%; n=1053), and the effect sizes of the OR were large (response rates, 58.43% vs 33.59%; OR, 3.31; 95% CI, 2.25-4.88; P<.001; I2, 0%; n=529; remission rates, 26.59% vs 12.60%; OR, 2.72; 95% CI, 1.69-4.38; P<.001; I2, 0%; n=529). In terms of treatment side effects, the HF-rTMS group was more prone to headache than the control group (OR, 3.53; 95% CI, 1.85-8.55; P<.001; I2, 0%; n=496).
HF-rTMS is an effective intervention for poststroke depression, although treatment safety should be further verified via large sample multicenter trials.