Neurostimulation for the Treatment of Functional Neurological Disorder: A Systematic Review

SOURCE: Epilepsy and Behavior Reports. 16 (no pagination), 2021. Article Number: 100501.


AUTHORS: Gonsalvez I.; Spagnolo P.; Dworetzky B.; Baslet G.

ABSTRACT: Functional Neurological Disorder (FND), also known as conversion disorder, is characterized by neurological symptoms that are incompatible with any known structural disorder and best explained by a biopsychosocial model. Evidence-based treatments for FND are limited, with cognitive behavioral therapy (CBT) and physiotherapy being the most effective interventions
[1]. In recent years, functional neuroimaging studies have provided robust evidence of alterations in activity and connectivity in multiple brain networks in FND. This body of evidence suggests that neurocircuitry-based interventions, such as non-invasive brain stimulation techniques (NIBS), may also represent an effective therapeutic option for patients with FND. In this systematic review, we outline the current state of knowledge of NIBS in FND, and discuss limitations and future directions that may help establish the efficacy of NIBS as a therapeutic option for FND.