Practitioner Perspectives on Best Practice in Non-Treatment Factors that Support the Delivery of Repetitive Transcranial Magnetic Stimulation (rTMS) for Depression

SOURCE: Journal of Psychiatric & Mental Health Nursing. 29(3):463-471, 2022 Jun.

AUTHORS: Mallon S; Walker K; Bayley Z; Griffiths C

WHAT IS KNOWN ABOUT THE SUBJECT?: The practices of mental health nurses in the administration of repetitive transcranial magnetic stimulation (rTMS) treatments for depression in outpatient clinic are crucial for patient outcomes. To date, most research has focused directly on procedural aspects of treatment delivery with limited focus on the delivery of holistic care and treatment. There is a lack of best practice guidance based on the experiences of those involved in clinical delivery to inform and improve rTMS practices

WHAT THIS PAPER ADDS TO EXISTING KNOWLEDGE?: This study provides unique insights into service and personalized non-treatment factors associated with rTMS delivery that may reduce stress and improve the experiences of rTMS patients. It reviews and updates understanding of the factors that contribute to the delivery of effective rTMS.

WHAT ARE THE IMPLICATIONS FOR PRACTICE?: The need to apply findings for the development of best practice guidance. Factors to improve practice include (a) rTMS machine demonstrations; (b) constructive, individualized, friendly, and therapeutic conversations; (c) a relaxing, comfortable, ‘homely’ physical environment; (d) long term supportive management; and (e) careful engagement of nursing and support staff.