The Effect of Sequential Bilateral Low-Frequency rTMS Over Dorsolateral Prefrontal Cortex on Serum Level of BDNF and GABA in Patients with Primary Insomnia
Feng J; Zhang Q; Zhang C; Wen Z; Zhou X.
Brain and Behavior. 9(2):e01206, 2019 02.
This study aimed to investigate the effect of sequential bilateral low-frequency repetitive transcranial magnetic stimulation (rTMS) over dorsolateral prefrontal cortex (DLPFC) on patients with primary insomnia (PI).
A total of 32 eligible right-handed participants diagnosed by PI according to International classification of sleep disorders (ICD-3) were recruited into this study. Participants received 10 daily sessions of sequential bilateral 1 Hz rTMS over DLPFC. Before and after the whole procedure of rTMS, patients were assessed by Pittsburgh Sleep Quality Index (PSQI) for the severity of sleep disturbance. Meanwhile, serum concentration of brain-derived neurotrophic factor (BDNF) and gamma-aminobutyric acid (GABA) in patients was measured by ELISA and UPLC, respectively. Moreover, the amplitude of MEPs reflecting the right cortical excitability was examined. Finally, Pearson correlation analysis was performed to evaluate the correlation among the change of these variables.
After rTMS treatment, the PSQI score was markedly decreased as compared to pre-rTMS; the concentrations of serum BDNF and GABA were significantly higher; the amplitude of MEPs was markedly reduced. Pearson correlation analysis revealed that the change of PSQI score was negatively associated with the alteration of serum BDNF level and serum GABA level, and positively associated with the change of MEPs amplitude; the change of MEPs amplitude was negatively associated with fold change in the serum BDNF level and the serum GABA level; the increase in serum GABA level was positively associated with the serum BDNF level.
A sequential bilateral low-frequency rTMS over DLPFC significantly improves primary insomnia probably by increasing the level of BDNF and GABA in the brain and reducing cortical excitability.