The Role of Repetitive Transcranial Magnetic Stimulation for Enhancing the Quality of Life in Parkinson’s Disease: A Systematic Review
Annals of Indian Academy of Neurology. 23 (6) (pp 755-759), 2020. Date of Publication: November-December 2020.
Nehra A.; Sharma P.S.; Narain A.; Kumar A.; Bajpai S.; Rajan R.; Kumar N.; Goyal V.; Srivastava A.K.
Parkinson’s disease (PD) is a neurodegenerative disorder which greatly affects patients’ quality of life. Despite an exponential increase in PD cases, not much attention has been paid to enhancing their quality of life (QoL). Thus, this systematic review aims to summarize the available literature for the role of repetitive transcranial magnetic stimulation (rTMS) intervention to improve QoL of PD patients.
Literature review was carried out using PubMed, Embase, Web of Science and Scopus databases. The key search words were, ‘rTMS AND Parkinson AND QoL’, ‘rTMS AND Parkinson AND Quality of Life’. Cochrane Collaboration software Revman 5.3 was used to assess the quality of studies.
Over 707 studies were identified out of which 5 studies were included which consisted of 160 subjects, 89 male and 71 female, with mean age of 65.04 years. PD type varied from idiopathic PD, rigid, akinetic, tremor dominant to mixed type. The overall risk of bias across the studies was low and unclear with high risk of bias in incomplete outcome data domain in one study.
The efficacy of rTMS as an adjunct intervention to enhance QoL of PD patients is uncertain due to dire lack of research in this area. The findings of the present review would help researchers conduct a well-defined, randomized, controlled trial by overcoming the present limitations associated with rTMS intervention to improve QoL of PD patients.