Three-Dimensional Optical Imaging of Brain Activation During Transcranial Magnetic Stimulation

SOURCE: Journal of X-Ray Science & Technology. 29(5):891-902, 2021.

AUTHORS: Huang J; Jiang S; Wagoner R; Yang H; Currier G; Jiang H

ABSTRACT: Repetitive transcranial magnetic stimulation (rTMS) of the brain is an
effective clinical treatment for psychiatric disorders. Noninvasive neuroimaging during rTMS allows visualization of cortical brain activations and responses, and it is a potential tool for investigating the neurophysiological response occurring actively during stimulation. In this paper, we present a fast diffuse optical tomography (DOT) approach for three-dimensional brain mapping of hemodynamics during rTMS. Eight healthy subjects were enrolled in the study. These subjects received 10 Hz stimulation with 80%and 100%of resting motor threshold (rMT), respectively, for 4 seconds for each stimulation. Significant hemodynamic activation was observed in all cases with the strongest response when 100%rMT stimulation was applied. This work demonstrates that fast DOT has
the potential to become a powerful tool for noninvasive three-dimensional imaging of the brain during rTMS.